Minoans women. For example, men wore kilts and loincloths. Women wore short-sleeve d...

Knossos, Crete Pre-palatial period The early Bronze Age hist

Minoan Snake Goddess. Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe. 10. Women in Minoan Culture. There is plenty of archaeological evidence to indicate that women occupied an important if not dominant position within the …19 thg 2, 2021 ... GREEK HISTORY AND PREHISTORY. THE GREEK SOCIETY AND ART IN PREHISTORIC MEDITERRANEAN · The Minoan religion focused on female deities, with ...The Minoan civilization is a historically significant civilization in the development of Greece and Western ideas. The Minoans had actively passed on their own advancements and culture to the neighboring areas as well as mainland Greece while traveling there for trade. The Early Minoan Age lasted from 3000-2100 BCE, and the Middle Minoan Age ...Minoan attire was characterized by its vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and flowing designs. Both men and women woгe garments that were often made from lightweight fabrics, such as linen or wool. The Minoans had access to a rich variety of textiles and dyes, enabling them to create a diverse range of garments.But arguably more fascinating, and certainly more mysterious, are the mighty Minoans. The first great Greek civilisation and the first literate one in Europe, the Minoans dwelt on Crete, the ...Minoan Women. Ancient Minoan Marriage Rules Allowed First Cousin Marriages. Credit: Cavort, CC-BY-SA-2.0 / Wikimedia Commons. New DNA analysis of ancient Minoan genomes show that the choice of marriage partners was determined by one’s own kinship. First cousin marriages were not unusual to the Minoans of the Bronze Age.Sep 23, 2023 · Phaistos. Old-Palace period (1800-1700 BC); Right: Minoan bronze stand, c.1400BC Cyprus, exhibited at The British Museum. The people we today call the Minoans were not related to the Greeks, but they had an enormous impact on Greek civilization. The power of the inhabitants of Crete is evidenced by the ruins of a multi-story palace in Knossos ... The Minoans are credited as the first European civilization. Habitation and Chronology of Crete Archaeological evidence testifies to the island's habitation since the 7th millennium BC After the 5th millennium BC we find the first evidence of hand-made ceramic pottery which marks the beginning of the civilization Evans, the famed archaeologist who excavated …The women were predominating. Minoan women enjoyed a higher social status than other women in later civilizations. Methods: Investigation of all the existing data concerning the Minoan culture. Archaeological databases, as well as data from the National University of Athens and other Greek historical institutions were collected and analyzed in ...Mar 12, 2015 · So this was a common theme in Minoan art. One of my favorite ways Minoan artists portrayed the nurturing and nourishing qualities of the Great Mother was through some interesting pitchers called breast rhytons. These pitchers were made to look like women and were designed so the liquid poured out through the breasts on the front of the pitcher. The Minoans were a peaceful society that flourished from about 2050 BC to 1470 BC. They lived primarily on the large isle of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea. Their seat of government was located at the town of Knossos and Men and women are interpreted to have been equal without regard for race, sex, gender or age.The Mycenaeans changed the Minoans myths so that it seemed as if women were the bad people. In the book Mythology and You, by Donna Rosenberg and Sorelle Baker, the Mycenaeans thought women were created to bring pain, suffering, and destroy mankind. The Mycenaeans did not agree with the Minoans since they thought that women were …The Minoan civilization, which existed on the island of Crete nearly 5,000 years ago, produced a treasure trove of artwork showing a unique sport or ritual: men leaping over charging bulls ...Large ornamental belt buckles are used for women's festival dress. Commercially printed yellow or white kerchiefs replaced the older white head cloths in recent years. See alsoEthnic Dress; Folk Dress, Western Europe; Folklore Look. bibliography. Barber, Elizabeth Wayland. Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years: Women, Cloth, and Society …The Minoan civilization is famed for its rich architecture, art and economic wealth they achieved throughout the Bronze Age. What differed the Minoan from th...Women wore dress tops designed similarly to modern t-shirts, but with a long slit from the neck to the navel. This long opening left women two options, one was to have the breasts covered and the other to have them exposed. Women with their breasts exposed is commonly seen in ritual contexts, and presumably it had some uncommon significance.The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from about the 27th–15th century BC. In Ladies in Blue, fresco of Minoan women, aged 1600 BC, it is very evident that women’s dress played a great part in Minoan civilization. The upper part of the women is clothed in a sleeved jacket sewn ...Aug 19, 2013 · Craftsmen of the Minoan civilization centred on the island of Crete produced stone vessels from the early Bronze Age (c. 2500 BCE) using a wide variety of stone types which were laboriously carved out to create vessels of all shapes, sizes and function. The craft continued for a millennium and vessels were of such quality that they found their ... Women in outfits perfect for flashing, easy access, and teasing men. Created Sep 11, 2020. nsfw Adult content. 186k. Clothing Enthusiasts. 60. Currently Fantasizing. r/NothingUnder Rules. 1. Use common sense. 2. On-topic posts only. 3. Women in posts only. 4. Pictures must be of women 18+ 5. Direct links only. 6.Minoan Crete never really was a matriarchy. Just because some statues of snake-goddesses were found does not mean that women exerted control over men. The only reason why people may think that the Minoans were matriarchal is literally because of either modern "Goddess movements" that became popular in the 1950's, or just baseless …The Mycenaean civilization (c. 1700 to 1050 BC) originated in mainland Greece eventually controlling the nearby islands, including Crete. Their Linear B script represented an early form of Greek. Despite this rich archaeological and textual history, the origins of the Minoans have long puzzled researchers. Their cultural innovations, …So this was a common theme in Minoan art. One of my favorite ways Minoan artists portrayed the nurturing and nourishing qualities of the Great Mother was through some interesting pitchers called breast rhytons. These pitchers were made to look like women and were designed so the liquid poured out through the breasts on the front of the pitcher.Jun 25, 2021 · The Minoan flounced skirt derived from Near Eastern models worn by priestesses and goddesses, possibly identifying the Minoan wearers of equivalent rank. Reflections of Minoan costume appear at Mycenaean palaces until their destruction in LHIIIB. At that time, an indigenous Mycenaean dress design with a high, horizontal neckline appeared. ... Minoan society, a society that put women in the spotlight. In combination with the contemporary history of Crete, the tradition in homemade fabrics and the ...The Minoans were a peaceful society that flourished from about 2050 BC to 1470 BC. They lived primarily on the large isle of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea. Their seat of government was located at the town of Knossos and Men and women are interpreted to have been equal without regard for race, sex, gender or age. May 23, 2023 · The Minoan civilization was a remarkable example of how gender roles and spirituality could be integrated into a harmonious and empowering system. Women in Minoan society played crucial roles in governance, religion, art, and economy, reflecting a sense of balance between male and female energies. The Snake Goddesses, the Minoan spirit, the ... So this was a common theme in Minoan art. One of my favorite ways Minoan artists portrayed the nurturing and nourishing qualities of the Great Mother was through some interesting pitchers called breast rhytons. These pitchers were made to look like women and were designed so the liquid poured out through the breasts on the front of the pitcher.Jun 25, 2021 · The Minoan flounced skirt derived from Near Eastern models worn by priestesses and goddesses, possibly identifying the Minoan wearers of equivalent rank. Reflections of Minoan costume appear at Mycenaean palaces until their destruction in LHIIIB. At that time, an indigenous Mycenaean dress design with a high, horizontal neckline appeared. New York: Routledge, 2016, pp. 573-594. This study focuses on what we know about women in Bronze Age Crete (ca. 3000-1000 BCE). Rather than tracing ancient Minoan women through time, period by period, this study takes the point of view of the women themselves, charting their life: what we know about Minoan infant girls, adolescent girls, young ...The Palace of Minos at Knossos is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. Located on Kephala Hill on the island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Greece, Knossos palace was the political, social and cultural center of the Minoan culture during the Early and Middle Bronze Age.Founded at least as early as …... Minoans. In the second millennium B.C., great palaces began to be built on ... Minoan art featured distinctive depictions of female forms—both divine and mortal.The ancient Minoans, followed by the Mycenaeans, existed in a time of relative stability, particularly compared to the instability found in Crete in later periods. Lack of security and stability in the maritime routes of the Mediterranean may have contributed to the emergence of the Sea Peoples’ phenomenon, which in turn, contributed to the ...Minoan Fresco of the Ladies in Blue depicts the women in the open blouse that was typical in the later Minoan Culture. Their skirts would have begun at the waist, were flounced, and of many colorful patterns. These fresco fragments were discovered during the excavation of a Minoan site in Crete by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur John Evans. In her restored state, the Snake Goddess is 29.5 cm (about 11.5 inches) high, a youthful woman wearing a full skirt made of seven. flounced. layers of multicolored cloth. This is likely not a representation of striped cloth, but rather flounces made from multiple colorful bands of cloth, the weaving of which was a Minoan specialty.Analysis of DNA from ancient remains on the Greek island of Crete suggests the Minoans were indigenous Europeans, ... Women and young voters drive Poland's right from power. 10.A major festive celebration or ritual was the famous Minoan bull-leaping, represented in the frescoes of Knossos, and inscribed in miniature Minoan seals and gold rings. Young people—whether young women were involved, and if so how, remains a matter of debate—are shown with bulls, including executing spectacular vaults that springboard off the bulls' back.Minoan civilization emerged around 2000 BCE, and lasted until 1400 BCE. It was located on the island of Crete, which is now a part of Greece. The Minoans were famous for the magnificent palaces they built, above all at Knossos. There was, if fact, never a people who called themselves the “Minoans”. The civilization of Ancient Crete was ...The term "Minoan" is derived from the name of the mythical King Minos, who the Classical Greeks believed to have ruled Knossos in the distant past. It was popularized by Arthur Evans, possibly drawing on an earlier suggestion by Karl Hoeck. It is a modern coinage and not used by the Minoans, whose name for themselves is unknown.Jun 16, 2021 · The younger woman is gathering stamens of flowers with both hands and is looking back, as if she is seeking the older woman’s approval. The fresco is dotted with clumps of saffron crocuses [ 1 ]. The ‘Saffron Gatherers’ is part of a large fresco found on the east wall of room 3a of the Xeste 3 building in the Akrotiri settlement of the ... Zoroastrianism. With roots reaching back to the ancient Persian empire over 3,500 years ago, it is one of the oldest monotheistic faiths. Yet, despite its profound influence on later religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, Zoroastrianism gradually faded into the hidden corners of history.19 thg 2, 2021 ... GREEK HISTORY AND PREHISTORY. THE GREEK SOCIETY AND ART IN PREHISTORIC MEDITERRANEAN · The Minoan religion focused on female deities, with ...The Minoans worshipped a number of female deities, including a possible Great Goddess, and it is likely that priestesses were primarily responsible for conducting rituals in honor …Minoan Dress The Minoans, who lived on the Greek island of Crete between 3000 and 1600 b.c.e., had a very complex culture, more advanced than many of the societies that followed it. This complexity is shown in the artistically designed and skillfully made clothing they wore. Much of our knowledge of this clothing comes from artwork that has been found at the sites where the …Apr 26, 2021 · Minoan Women. Women are heavily represented amongst the archaeological finds from Knossos, Akrotiri, and other Minoan hubs. One of the most beautiful examples is the Snake Goddess Figurine which depicts the archetype of Minoan dress. This woman wears a flounced, layered skirt that falls to the ground. The Minoan civilization, which existed on the island of Crete nearly 5,000 years ago, produced a treasure trove of artwork showing a unique sport or ritual: men leaping over charging bulls ...The Minoan Sisterhood is a community of spiritual women who draw inspiration from the ancient Minoan civilization that existed on the island of Crete in the …The people on either side of the bull, as reconstructed, bear markers of both male and female gender: they are painted white, which indicates a female figure according to ancient Egyptian gender-color conventions, which we know the Minoans also used. But both characters wear merely a loincloth, which is male dress.Oct 12, 2023 · Minoan civilization, Bronze Age civilization of Crete that flourished from about 3000 bce to about 1100 bce. Its name derives from Minos, either a dynastic title or the name of a particular ruler of Crete who has a place in Greek legend. A brief treatment of Minoan civilization follows. For full treatment, see Aegean civilizations. of the earlier importance of women relative to men. There is evidence that the Minoans had both priestesses and priests (Castleden 1990:175), but whether the most important ruler of the Minoans before the arrival of Mycenaeans was female or male cannot, at the moment, be ascertained.In ancient Minoan culture, women wore clothes that complemented slim waists and full breasts. One of the better-known features of ancient Minoan fashion is breast exposure; women wore tops that could be arranged to completely cover or expose their breasts, with bodices to accentuate their cleavage.21 thg 7, 2022 ... In Minoan Crete, women's clothing was made from a wide variety of materials, such as linen, leather, and wool. They decorated them with bright ...Two Minoan snake goddess figurines were excavated in 1903 in the Minoan palace at Knossos in the Greek island of Crete. The decades-long excavation programme led by the English archaeologist Arthur Evans greatly expanded knowledge and awareness of the Bronze Age Minoan civilization, but Evans has subsequently been criticised for overstatements ...Aug 24, 2022 · Minoan fashion emphasized the femininity of women and the masculinity of men. In the Minoan mind, femininity was associated with curvaceous figures and domestic activities while masculinity was associated with men’s role as a warrior. This divide in how the Minoans thought of men and women’s roles in their society shows in the ways they ... Fashion in Minoan Crete. Fashion in Minoan Crete has a substantial meaning as it explores the artistic side of this elevated civilization. This 'fashionable' article unleashes the creativity of the Minoans, who so eloquently designed different garments for men and women. We will be looking into how Minoan men and women dressed and ...Bull-leaping fresco (detail) from the east wing of the palace of Knossos (reconstructed), c. 1400 B.C.E., fresco, 78 cm high (Archaeological Museum of Heraklion, photo: Carole Raddato, CC BY-SA 2.0) The person at the center of the action, vaulting over the bull’s back, is painted brown, which indicates male gender according to ancient ...24 thg 6, 2020 ... a commission for Trey the explainer on youtube, the woman is originally meant to have her breasts exposed but I had to make a second, ...Thoroughly Modern Minoans: Women and Goddesses between Europe and the Orient, in Situating Gender in European Archaeologies, Eds Liv Helga Dommasnes, Tove Hjørungdal, Sandra Montón-Subías, Margarita Sánchez Romero, and Nancy L. Wicker 2010, Budapest, Archaeolingua.Who the leaders were is unknown, but circumstantial evidence indicates that women played a dominant role in Minoan religion and perhaps also in Minoan society. One of the prime pieces of evidence in support of the …Minoan women wore skirts that flared out from the waist in a bell shape, with many decorations attached to the cloth. Later designs were made from strips of fabric, sewn in ways that created rows of ruffles from waist to ankle. Women also wore close-fitting blouses that were cut low in the front to expose the breasts. I have read some articles about Ancient Minoan dress from several encyclopedias mentioning how the blouses of women’s dresses did not cover the breasts (A :eek: from this ‘backwards’ American 😉 ). However, they always use this Minoan snake goddess statue as evidence. This bothers me, because just because the Snake Goddess is wearing something that looks like Frederick’s of Hollywood ...Apr 10, 2015 · Women wore dress tops designed similarly to modern t-shirts, but with a long slit from the neck to the navel. This long opening left women two options, one was to have the breasts covered and the other to have them exposed. Women with their breasts exposed is commonly seen in ritual contexts, and presumably it had some uncommon significance. 2800-100 BC. The Aegean Art period encompasses works from the Grecian area (ancient Greece), most notably the Mycenaeans (Early Greeks or the first one who spoke Greek), the art of the Cyclades (an island in the Aegean Sea), and Minoan (Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands) art.. Aegean …Great!), the general view of femininity we are granted in Greek art is mythic queens, powerful goddesses, and rich women, immortalised by their husbands in the form of grave steles. In short, we are not granted anything that resembles ourselves, or our own experience of girlhood or womanhood.15 thg 11, 2019 ... Ancient Minoan/Mycenaean Inspired stylized characters. ... Minoan Woman in Red · Kt Gravatt. Like. Add to Watch Later. Share. 00:00.with Anatolia and with Egypt. See his The Mystery of Minoan Civilization (New York: World, 1971), pp. 35, 61-62. Marija Gimbutas has most recently argued for symbolic and cultural connections with Europe as well in "Women and Culture in Goddess-Oriented Old Europe," in The Politics of Women's Spirituality, ed. Charlene Spretnak (GardenPurple Alce nipped Yellow Minoans’ team after their intense battle for domination leaving the Minoans’ women basketball team with 3 loses, 15-14. The second match stirred up an even fired up battle with the lady players of Blue Opinicus and Pink Hieracosphinx.Explore the Exhibition: Inspired by a renewed interest in classical sculpture and closer study of nature, Renaissance artists made the nude body ever more vibrant, lifelike, and central to their practice. Yet pious European Renaissance society was troubled by the nude and its new sensuality—a conflicted response echoed in the world today, …The Minoan Civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age (c. 2000 - c. 1450 BCE) on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean. With their unique art and architecture, and the spread of their ideas through contact with other cultures across the Aegean, the Minoans made a significant contribution to the development of Western ...Jan 17, 2023 · Minoan Women. Ancient Minoan Marriage Rules Allowed First Cousin Marriages. Credit: Cavort, CC-BY-SA-2.0 / Wikimedia Commons. New DNA analysis of ancient Minoan genomes show that the choice of marriage partners was determined by one’s own kinship. First cousin marriages were not unusual to the Minoans of the Bronze Age. Look at the art work of the Minoans, proto-Greeks and even ancient and medieval Greek art themselves, you won’t see blonde as common at all. Same goes with other southern/Mediterranean peoples. Simply no evidence or reason to think Greeks were a blond blue eyed people, they were tribes that came from the East originally, they traded …The origin of the word “corset” to describe a fitted female undergarment is murky. According to Dr. Joan Evans in her book Fashion in Underwear: From Babylon to Bikini Briefs, in medieval ...Women with Upraised Arms. Among the symbols associated with Minoans is the wheel-thrown terracotta female figurine with upraised arms, including the famous faience "snake goddess" found at Knossos. Beginning in late Middle Minoan times, Minoan potters made figurines of females holding their arms upward; other images of such goddesses are found ...Female clothing throughout the Minoan era emphasized the breasts by exposing cleavage or even the entire breast. Both Minoan women and men were portrayed with "wasp" waists, similar to the modern bodice women continue to wear today. Wall painting from Akrotiri See moreThe Minoan civilization, which existed on the island of Crete nearly 5,000 years ago, produced a treasure trove of artwork showing a unique sport or ritual: men leaping over charging bulls ...Minoan women As Minoan writing has not been deciphered yet, almost all information available about Minoan women is from various art forms. Women are depicted in fresco art paintings within various aspects of society, such as child-rearing, ritual participation, and worshiping.May 18, 2019 · Illustration. The 'Ladies in Blue' fresco is a recreated fresco from the Palace of Knossos on the island of Crete. It shows three women richly dressed and lavishly bejeweled depicted against a blue background. This fresco (or rather, fragments of it) was discovered during the excavation of the site by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur John ... The Minoan civilization was a civilization on Crete.It began in the Bronze Age between 3000 and 2700 BC. It lasted until about 1450 BC. The Minoan civilization is famous for its sea trading and well-planned cities. The Minoans had an agricultural system which relied mainly on olives and grapes.Their religion worshipped mostly goddesses.The …Oct 12, 2023 · Minoan civilization, Bronze Age civilization of Crete that flourished from about 3000 bce to about 1100 bce. Its name derives from Minos, either a dynastic title or the name of a particular ruler of Crete who has a place in Greek legend. A brief treatment of Minoan civilization follows. For full treatment, see Aegean civilizations. Woman or goddess ("La Parisienne") from the Camp-Stool fresco, c.1350 B.C.E., western wing of the palace at Knossos, buon fresco, 20 cm high ( Archaeological Museum of Heraklion) The sacred knot Only La Parisienne's head and upper body are preserved.24 thg 6, 2020 ... a commission for Trey the explainer on youtube, the woman is originally meant to have her breasts exposed but I had to make a second, ...Oct 2, 2015 · It has been claimed that in ancient Rome, women with large breasts were considered unattractive. Thus, in everyday life, the strophium was a normal, though optional piece of women’s undergarment. Archaeologists find oldest known trousers in the world. Archaeologists unearth spectacular textiles in Ming Dynasty Tomb. Minoan Snake Goddess. This 3,500-year-old figurine depicts a woman with bare breasts holding a snake in each of her raised hands. It was found at a Minoan archaeological site in Crete. At the Palace of Knossos by archaeologist Arthur Evans and dated to the Minoan civilization, c. 1700-1450 BCE. It was Evans who called the figurine a "Snake ...In Minoan artwork, only women are depicted using the labrys and it's often shown in or alongside the Horns of Consecration. The Horns were attached to a bull sculpture or carving and were probably ...The ancient Minoans, followed by the Mycenaeans, existed in a time of relative stability, particularly compared to the instability found in Crete in later periods. Lack of security and stability in the maritime routes of the Mediterranean may have contributed to the emergence of the Sea Peoples’ phenomenon, which in turn, contributed to the ...The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. The best example for the contrast of artistic styles of the Minoans and Mycenaeans is displayed through the two gold cups found at the Mycenaean Vaphio tomb. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups.Some of the scenes include Minoans jumping over bulls, which may have been a sport or religious ritual, and many images of what appear to have been important women. Some scholars believe these women represent priestesses, while others have speculated that the Minoan civilization may have been a matriarchy—a society ruled by women.A Mycenaean woman depicted on a fresco at Mycenae on mainland Greece. Image credit: Yann Forget. Ancient DNA reveals modern Greeks descended from two powerful, yet little known civilizations – the Minoans and the Mycenaeans.Minoan women wore skirts that flared out from the waist in a bell shape, with many decorations attached to the cloth. Later designs were made from strips of fabric, sewn in ways that created rows of ruffles from waist to ankle. Women also wore close-fitting blouses that were cut low in the front to expose the breasts. Knossos, also spelled Cnossus, city in ancient Crete, capital of the legendary king Minos, and the principal centre of the Minoan, the earliest of the Aegean civilizations (see Minoan civilization).The site of Knossos stands on a knoll between the confluence of two streams and is located about 5 miles (8 km) inland from Crete’s northern coast. . Excavations …Jul 21, 2022 · In Minoan Crete, women’s clothing was made from a wide variety of materials, such as linen, leather, and wool. They decorated them with bright colors and patterns, with ribbons at the ends, bows, delicate veils. The jewelry, made of gold, metal, stone, or bone, were sewn on. Particularly important are the figurines findings, mainly those that ... A significant difference between the Minoans and Mycenaeans lies in their societies’ respective dispositions towards warfare. Whereas the Mycenaeans seem to have been rather aggressive and war-like, the Minoans, alternatively, were relative...Dress - Mesopotamian, Sumerian, Babylonian: Ancient Mesopotamia was situated in the area of land that is defined by the great Tigris and Euphrates river system and that is contained within modern Iraq. Several important cultures arose there, their empires waxing and waning successively as well as overlapping in time. Among the most prominent were …The Minoan civilization on Crete appeared to be egalitarian in social structure and a bureaucracy with a king in its political organization. Learn about the Minoan civilization, the men and women .... The people on either side of the bull, as reconstructed, bear markerAbout the Archaeological sites in Crete – Map + Intro. 1 – The m Minoan Fresco of the Ladies in Blue depicts the women in the open blouse that was typical in the later Minoan Culture. Their skirts would have begun at the waist, were flounced, and of many colorful patterns. These fresco fragments were discovered during the excavation of a Minoan site in Crete by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur John Evans. The Minoan Sisterhood is a community of spiritual wome Aug 24, 2022 · Minoan fashion emphasized the femininity of women and the masculinity of men. In the Minoan mind, femininity was associated with curvaceous figures and domestic activities while masculinity was associated with men’s role as a warrior. This divide in how the Minoans thought of men and women’s roles in their society shows in the ways they ... Many images of elite Minoan women, perhaps priestesses, look very much like this figurine. If it is the action of snake-wrangling that makes her a goddess, this is also a problem. The image of a woman taming one or more snakes is entirely unique to the Temple Repositories. Therefore, if she is a snake goddess, she is not a particularly popular one. 11 thg 4, 2022 ... The Minoans worshipped female ...

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